Impact of Technology on the Construction Industry
Technology has made a significant impact on all industries and construction sector is no exception. The introduction of technology driven equipment and techniques has enabled the sector to increase productivity and quality while keeping the cost under control.
• On time completion:
In the past, most housing and infrastructure projects were unable to meet the delivery milestones due to construction delays. This was mainly due to use of manual labour and less of automation. Now, the introduction of technology like 3D printing has drastically reduced the manufacturing time of complex parts which were previously taking weeks to complete. 3D Printing does the job in just about few hours. Printers are used to print components that can be placed directly in the construction site, create reinforced concrete beams, and any items like bricks, screws etc. This has resulted in time savings, cost savings (labour cost) and less wastage. Different types of heavy construction machinery can be employed to get things done the easy way
• Better health and safety:
Technology has been instrumental in raising the health and safety standards of construction workers. Several safety gadgets like light-up hard hats, safety glasses, responsive clothing and smart wearable sensors are used on construction sites to prevent untoward accidents. These sensors are fitted in boots or helmets or wrist watches to alert the managers of the impending dangers. Learn how better technology leads to better safety standards.
• Better maintenance of equipment:
Telematics a new technology that is a combination of telecommunication and informatics monitors the equipment in real time. The managers can get on-demand information about the location, status, and condition of the machine. Whenever any defects or failure arises in the machine, the sensors automatically relay messages to the managers for action. The data from the telematics can be used for better resource allocation, reduce the idle time and overworking of the machines. Thus, equipment can work for long without major wear and tear.
• Improvement in productivity:
Grading Systems integrate the features of Global Positioning System (GPS) into machines exponentially increasing the productivity while significantly reducing the total cost of operation. Construction equipment is preinstalled in the grading systems. These systems guide the equipment operator to make decisions based on actual grade and design features using the GPS position data. The tolerance is as less as two or three centimetres for the GPS guidance systems making them much more accurate than operator’s skills. Since the machine’s GPS can calculate the exact design grade, it reduces the surveying and material costs as well.
The construction industry has benefitted a lot through the unmanned aerial machines drones. It has changed the operation style of the industry. Drones have been instrumental in improving efficiency, eliminating human errors as well workplaces safety. They are increasingly used for land surveillance to reduce the time and labour and offer accurate results. Drones also help to mitigate workplace safety issues by highlighting the hazards. Their presence has improved the on-site safety and reduced the risk of theft and vandalism.